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Texto & Contexto. ISSN:0104-0707 2017 v27n1 r27104p

 

 

 

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Cell phone usage by health personnel: preventive strategies to decrease risk of cross infection in clinical context

João Manuel Graveto,1 Paulo Jorge Costa,2 Cristina Isabel Santos3
1Ph.D. in Development and Psychological Intervention. Professor, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra. Coimbra, Portugal. 2Master's student in Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra. Nurse. Barking, Havering and Redbridge University Hospitals Trust. London, United Kingdom. 3Master's student in Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra. Nurse. Agrupamento de Centros de Saúde Pinhal Litoral. Leiria, Portugal.

Receveid: February 24, 2017
Approved: July 07, 2017

 

 

 

Cómo citar este documento

Graveto, João Manuel; Costa, Paulo Jorge; Santos, Cristina Isabel. Cell phone usage by health personnel: preventive strategies to decrease risk of cross infection in clinical context. Texto Contexto Enferm, ene-mar 2018, 27(1). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2018/27104.php> Consultado el

Abstract
Cell phone usage by health personnel: preventive strategies to decrease risk of cross infection in clinical context

Objective: with the intent of describing the characteristics of cell phone use by Health Personnel and identify strategies to prevent these equipments from acting as vectors of transmission for multiresistant microorganisms. Method: an integrative review of the literature was carried out following the PICOD Method. An appropriate research strategy was developed at each base/repository EBSCO platform, MEDLINE and CINAHL databases and search engines PubMed, B-on and Google Scholar to identify relevant studies. It was elaborated a formal protocol, including studies published from 2006 to 2016. The titles/abstracts were analyzed, excluding articles that do not meet the criteria defined in the protocol. Data extraction was performed from the remaining included articles. Results: 13 studies met the defined criteria for this review. After a comprehensive analysis, it can be concluded that healthcare personnel'cell phones constitute a reservoir of pathogenic microorganisms that may affect patient safety. Conclusion: user hand hygiene, cell phone disinfection and education of health personnel are the main preventive strategies. Technological innovation can be a strong ally for health personnel and organizations by creating new equipment such as antibacterial covers and films or ultraviolet light for sanitary purposes. This review opens the door for further research to be undertaken in this area.
Key-words: Health personnel/ Cell phones/ Strategies/ Cross infection.
 

Resumen
Uso del teléfono celular por el personal de salud: estrategias preventivas para reducir el riesgo de infección cruzada en el contexto clínico

Objetivo: describir las características del uso del teléfono celular por parte del personal de salud e identificar estrategias para evitar que estos equipos actúen como vectores de transmisión de microorganismos multirresistentes. Método: una revisión integradora de la literatura siguiendo el Método PICOD. Se desarrolló una estrategia de investigación apropiada en cada base / repositorio de la plataforma EBSCO, las bases de datos MEDLINE y CINAHL y los motores de búsqueda PubMed, B-on y Google Scholar para identificar los estudios relevantes. Se elaboró un protocolo formal, que incluye estudios publicados de 2006 a 2016. Se analizaron los títulos / resúmenes, excluyendo los artículos que no cumplen con los criterios definidos en el protocolo. La extracción de datos se realizó a partir de los artículos incluidos restantes. Resultados: 13 estudios cumplieron los criterios definidos para esta revisión. Después de un análisis exhaustivo, se puede concluir que los teléfonos celulares del personal sanitario constituyen un reservorio de microorganismos patógenos que pueden afectar la seguridad del paciente. Conclusión: la higiene de manos del usuario, la desinfección del teléfono celular y la educación del personal de salud son las principales estrategias preventivas. La innovación tecnológica puede ser un fuerte aliado para el personal de salud y las organizaciones mediante la creación de nuevos equipos como fundas antibacterianas y películas o luz ultravioleta para fines sanitarios. Esta revisión abre la puerta para futuras investigaciones en esta área.
Palabras clave: Personal de salud/ Teléfonos celulares/ Estrategias/ Infección gospitalaria.
 

Resumo
Uso do telefone celular pelo pessoal da saúde: estratégias preventivas para reduzir o risco de infecção transfronteira no contexto clínico

Objetivo: descrever as características do uso do telefone celular pelo pessoal de saúde e identificar estratégias para evitar que esses equipamentos atuem como vetores de transmissão para microorganismos multirresistentes. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura realizada seguindo o Método PICOD. Uma estratégia de pesquisa apropriada foi desenvolvida em cada banco de dados de base/repositório EBSCO, bases de dados MEDLINE e CINAHL e motores de busca PubMed, B-on e Google Scholar para identificar estudos relevantes. Foi elaborado um protocolo formal, incluindo estudos publicados de 2006 a 2016. Os títulos /resumos foram analisados, excluindo artigos que não atendem aos critérios definidos no protocolo. A extração de dados foi realizada a partir dos restantes artigos incluídos. Resultados: 13 estudos preencheram os critérios definidos para esta revisão. Após uma análise abrangente, pode-se concluir que os telefones celulares do pessoal de saúde constituem um reservatório de microorganismos patogênicos que podem afetar a segurança do paciente. Conclusão: a higiene das mãos dos usuários, a desinfecção do telefone celular e a educação do pessoal de saúde são as principais estratégias preventivas. A inovação tecnológica pode ser um aliado forte para o pessoal de saúde e as organizações criando novos equipamentos, como tampas antibacterianas e filmes ou luz ultravioleta para fins sanitários. Esta revisão abre a porta para novas pesquisas a serem realizadas nesta área.
Palabras chave: Pessoal da saúde/ Telefones celulares/ Estratégias/ Infecção Hospitalar.
 

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