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Texto & Contexto. ISSN:0104-0707 2016 v25n3 r25313p

 

 

 

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Reabilitação em cuidados paliativos

Jéssica Sponton Moura Minosso,1 Luciene Jacinto de Souza,2 Maria Amélia de Campos Oliveira3
1
Doutoranda do Programa Interunidades de Doutoramento em Enfermagem da Escola de Enfermagem e Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. 2Mestranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem da Escola de Enfermagem da USP. Bolsista CAPES. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. 3Doutora em Enfermagem. Professora do Departamento de Enfermagem em Saúde Coletiva da Escola de Enfermagem da USP. São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil

Recebido: 10 de abril de 2015
Aprovado: 27 de novembro de 2015

 

 

 

 

Cómo citar este documento

Minosso, Jéssica Sponton Moura; Souza, Luciene Jacinto de; Oliveira, Maria Amélia de Campos. Reabilitação em cuidados paliativos. Texto Contexto Enferm, jul-sep 2016, 25(3). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2016/25313p.php> Consultado el

 

Resumo

O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever as atividades e os efeitos da reabilitação funcional em pacientes que recebem cuidados paliativos. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa que utilizou as bases de dados LILACS, BDENF, Coleciona SUS (Brasil) e PubMed. Foram selecionados 20 artigos, posteriormente caracterizados como de desenhos de médio e baixo impacto, sendo que mais da metade foi classificada com níveis de evidência II, III e IV e amostras nem sempre condizentes com os desenhos de pesquisa. Porém, os resultados revelaram o potencial da reabilitação para melhoria do estado funcional, da qualidade de vida e sintomas como dor e ansiedade nessa população, por meio de intervenções muitas vezes subvalorizadas em cuidados paliativos. Conclui-se que a reabilitação é uma estratégia viável para combater o declínio funcional e melhorar a qualidade de vida de pacientes em cuidados paliativos.
Descritores: Cuidados paliativos/ Atividades cotidianas/ Reabilitação/ Rehabilitation in palliative care.
 

Resumen
Rehabilitación en cuidados paliativos

El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las actividades y los efectos de la rehabilitación funcional en pacientes que reciben cuidados paliativos. Es una revisión integradora que utiliza las bases de datos LILACS, BDENF, Coleciona SUS (Brasil) y PUBMED. Se seleccionaron 20 artículos, después caracterizados con diseños de mediano y bajo impacto, y más de la mitad se clasificó con niveles de evidencia II, III, IV y con muestras no siempre consistentes con los diseños de investigación. Todavía, los resultados revelaran el potencial de la rehabilitación para mejorar el estado funcional, la calidad de vida y los síntomas como dolor y ansiedad en esta población, a través de intervenciones muchas veces infravaloradas en cuidados paliativos. Se concluye que la rehabilitación es una estrategia viable para combatir el deterioro funcional y mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes en cuidados paliativos.
Descriptores: Cuidados paliativos/ Actividades cotidianas/ Rehabilitación.
 

Abstract
Rehabilitation in palliative care

The objective of this study was to describe the activities and effects of functional rehabilitation in patients receiving palliative care. It is an integrative review, in which LILACS, BDENF, Coleciona SUS (Brazil) and PUBMED were used, 20 articles were selected, subsequently characterized as having designs of medium and low impact, more than half ranked with evidence levels II, III and IV and with samples not always consistent with the research designs. However, the results revealed the potential of rehabilitation to improve the functional status, quality of life and symptoms like pain and anxiety in this population, through interventions that are many times undervalued in palliative care. The conclusion is that rehabilitation is a feasible strategy to combat functional decline and improve the quality of life of patients in palliative care.
Descriptors: Palliative care/ Activities of daily living/ Rehabilitation.
 

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