Texto & Contexto. ISSN:0104-0707 2015 v24esp r24s177






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The role of social factors in the use of licit drugs among university students from one university in Kingston, Jamaica

Rashalee Mitchell,1 Samuel Noh,2 Hayley Hamilton,3 Bruna Brands,4 Maria da Gloria Miotto Wright,5 Francisco Cumsille,6 Akwatu Khenti7
M.Sc. Assistante Professor, Psychology Department, University of West Indies, Mona Campus. Kingston, Jamaica. 2Ph.D. Investigator, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 3Ph.D. Investigator, CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 4Ph.D. Senior Scientist. Office of Research and Surveillance, Drug Strategy and Controlled Substances Programme, Health Canada and Public Health and Regulatory Policies, CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 5Ph.D. Former Coordinator Educational Development Program Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), Secretariat for Multidimensional Security. Washington, USA. 6Ph.D. Director Interamerican Drug Observatory, CICAD, Secretariat for Multidimensional Security at Organization of American States. Washington, USA. 7Doctoral Student. Director, Office of Transformative Global Health, CAMH. Toronto, Canada

Texto Contexto Enferm 24(Esp): 177-183




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Mitchell, Rashalee; Noh, Samuel; Hamilton, Hayley; Brands, Bruna; Wright, Maria da Gloria Miotto; Cumsille, Francisco; Khenti, Akwatu. The role of social factors in the use of licit drugs among university students from one university in Kingston, Jamaica. Texto Contexto Enferm, 2015, 24(Esp). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2015/24s177.php> Consultado el



A quantitative, descriptive and exploratory study, with a cross-sectional design aimed at examining whether social factors are related to licit drug use among university students in one university in Kingston, Jamaica. The non-probabilistic sample was composed of 335 students from a specific university in Kingston, Jamaica. A questionnaire was developed with five validated scales that interrogated about the influence of the peer group, the family relationships, the entertainment, the spirituality, and drug consumption. The data indicated that respondents with one or more friend who engaged in drug use were 9.5 times more likely to smoke tobacco and twice as likely to consume alcohol. Notably, respondents who had low spirituality were twice as likely to smoke tobacco and 1.3 times more likely to consume alcohol. These results suggest that having friends who use drugs may be a risk factor for alcohol and tobacco use, whereas greater spirituality may serve as a protective factor.
Key-words: Narcotics/ University/ Students.

El papel de fatores sociales en el uso de drogas licitas en estudiantes universitarios de una universidad de Kingston, Jamaica

Investigación cuantitativa de tipo descriptiva-exploratoria, con diseño transversal que examinó el efecto moderador de ciertos factores socio-culturales en el consumo de drogas licitas entre estudiantes universitarios de una universidad en Kingston, Jamaica. La muestra non probabilistica fue conformada por 335 estudiantes de una universidad especifica de Kingston, Jamaica. Fue elaborado un cuestionario con cinco escalas ya validadas, que interrogaba sobre la influencia del grupo de pares, las relaciones familiares, el entretenimiento, la espiritualidad y el consumo de drogas. Se utilizó el programa SPSS versión 18 para el análisis estadística. Los datos indicaran que los respondientes con uno o mas anmigos que estaban involucrados con el uso de drogas eran 9.5 veces mas disponibles para fumar y dos veces mas para consumir alcole. Los respondientes que tinian baja espiritualidad eran dos veces mas proponientes para fumar y 1.3 veces mas proponientes de consumir alcole. Los datos indicaran haber asociacion significante entre los factores sociales y el consume de drogas licitas.
Palabras clave: Narcóticos/ Universidad/ Estudiantes.

O papel de fatores sociais no uso de drogas lícitas em estudantes de uma universidade em Kingston, Jamaica

Pesquisa quantitativa, descritiva e exploratória, com desenho transversal, que examinou o efeito moderador de certos fatores demográficos e socioculturais no consumo de drogas lícitas entre estudantes universitários em uma universidade de Kingston, Jamaica. A amostra não probabilística foi composta por 335 estudantes de uma universidade na cidade de Kingston, Jamaica. Foi elaborado um questionário com cinco escalas validadas que questionavam sobre a influência dos pares, as relações familiares, o entretenimento, a espiritualidade e o consumo de drogas. Se utilizou o programa SPSS versão 18 para a análise estatística. Verificou-se que os estudantes da amostra que tinham pelo menos um amigo envolvido com drogas eram 9.5 vezes mais disponíveis para fumar e duas vezes mais para consumir álcool. Os estudantes que responderam que tinham baixa espiritualidade eram duas vezes mais proponentes a fumar e 1.3 vezes mais proponentes a consumir álcool. Os dados indicaram uma associação significativa entre os fatores sociais e o consumo de drogas líicitas.
Palavras chave: Entorpecentes/ Universidades/ Estudantes.


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