Texto & Contexto. ISSN:0104-0707 2015 v24esp r24s170






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Gender differences for peer influence on drug use among students from one university in Guyana: curriculum implications

Bridget Ogowewo,1 Samuel Noh,2 Hayley Hamilton,3 Bruna Brands,4 Denise Gastaldo,5 Maria da Gloria Miotto Wright,6 Francisco Cumsille,7 Akwatu Khenti8
Ph.D. University of Guyana. Georgetown, Guyana. 2Ph.D. Investigator, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 3Ph.D. Investigator, CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 4Ph.D. Senior Scientist. Office of Research and Surveillance, Drug Strategy and Controlled Substances Programme, Health Canada and Public Health and Regulatory Policies, CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 5Ph.D. Professor, Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing de la University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 6Ph.D. Former Coordinator Educational Development Program Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), Secretariat for Multidimensional Security. Washington, USA. 7Ph.D. Director Interamerican Drug Observatory, CICAD, Secretariat for Multidimensional Security at Organization of American States. Washington, USA. 8Doctoral Student. Director, Office of Transformative Global Health, CAMH. Toronto, Canada

Texto Contexto Enferm 24(Esp): 170-176




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Ogowewo, Bridget; Noh, Samuel; Hamilton, Hayley; Brands, Bruna; Gastaldo, Denise; Wright, Maria da Gloria Miotto; Cumsille, Francisco; Khenti, Akwatu. Gender differences for peer influence on drug use among students from one university in Guyana: curriculum implications. Texto Contexto Enferm, 2015, 24(Esp). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2015/24s170.php> Consultado el



Drug use in our society seems to be a growing concern. Hence the concern of the ES/CICAD and CAMH to sponsor Multicentric Research projects for which this is one. This study therefore sought to determine gender differences for peer influence on drug use among students from one university in Guyana. A survey was applied to 263 university students selected by a purposive sampling. Mean, percentage, cross-tab, t- test and Spearman correlation were used for data analysis. Drug use by male and female participants was minimal. Gender was not significantly different in the level of peer influence. But it was significantly different in the use of illicit drug and in its association with the relationship between peer influence and drug use. The result of this study had curriculum implications. Based on the sampling technique, it was recommended that a similar study be carried out in a wider community outside of the university.
Key-words: Gender/ Narcotics/ Students/ Curriculum.

Las diferencias de género e influencia de los pares sobre el uso de drogas en estudiantes de una universidad en Guyana y sus implicaciones curriculares

El uso de drogas en nuestra sociedad parece ser una preocupación creciente. De ahí la preocupación de la ES/CICAD y CAMH para patrocinar proyectos de investigación multicéntricos, de los cuales este proyecto forma parte. El uso de drogas es normalmente asociado con grupos de pares y género. Por lo tanto este estudio busco determinar las diferencias de género sobre la influencia de pares en el uso de drogas entre estudiantes de una Universidad en Guayana. Un cuestionario fue aplicado a 263 estudiantes universitarios seleccionados mediante un muestreo intencional. El análisis de datos se realizó mediante el cálculo de la media, los porcentajes, la tabulación cruzada, el test "t" y la correlación de Spearman. El uso de drogas en hombres y mujeres fue mínimo. Las diferencias de género no fueron significantes para el nivel de influencia de género. El uso de drogas fue significativo en el uso de drogas ilícitas y su relación con la influencia de pares y el uso de drogas.
Palabras clave: Gênero/ Narcóticos/ Estudantes/ Curriculum.

Diferenças de gênero e influência no uso de drogas em estudantes universitarios na Guyana: implicações curriculares

O uso de drogas em nossa sociedade parece ser uma preocupação crescente. Daí a preocupação da SE/CICAD e do CAMH para patrocinar projetos de pesquisa multicêntricos, do qual este projeto faz parte. O uso de drogas é normalmente associado com os grupos de pares e de gênero. Portanto, este estudo teve como objetivo verificar a influência do gênero e a influência dos pares no uso de drogas entre estudantes universitários da Guyiana. Um questionário foi aplicado a 263 estudantes universitários selecionados por meio de amostragem intencional. A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio do cálculo da média, das percentagens, da tabulação cruzada, do teste "t" e correlação de Spearman. As diferenças de género não foram significativas para o nível de influência do gênero. O uso de drogas ilicitas foi significativo especialmente pela influência dos colegas.
Palavras chave: Gênero/ Entorpecentes/ Estudantes/ Currículo.


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