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Texto & Contexto. ISSN:0104-0707 2015 v24esp r24s106

 

 

 

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The role of family relations, spirituality and entertainment in moderating peer influence and drug use among students of eight universities from five countries in Latin America and three from the Caribbean

Jaime Alonso Caravaca Morera,1 Aydee Rivera de Parada,2 Bridgt Ogowewo,3 Howard Gough,4 Maria Magaly Scott Alava,5 Maria Terezinha Zeferino,6 Mia Jules,7 Rashalee Mitchell,8 Rolando Salazar Sarmiento,9 Anadergh Barbosa-Branco,10 Akwatu Khenti11
1
M.Sc. Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of Costa Rica. San Jose, Costa Rica. 2Doctoral Student, Associate Professor, School of Education, Evangelica University of El Salvador. San Salvador, El Salvador. 3Ph.D. Associate Professor, School of Education, University of Guyana. Georgetown, Guyana. 4Doctoral Student, Former Faculty of University of West Indies, Mona Campus. Kingston, Jamaica. 5Ph.D. Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Technical University. Manabi, Ecuador. 6Ph.D. Associate Professor, Nursing Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina. Florianopolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. 7Doctoral Student, Assistant Professor, Psychology Department, University West Indies, Cave Hill Campus. Barabados. 8M.Sc. Assistante Professor, Psychology Department, University of West Indies, Mona Campus. Kingston, Jamaica. 9M.Sc. Associate Professor, Psychology, Health Science University Foundation. Bogota, Colombia. 10Ph.D. Associate Professor, University of Brasilia (retired), CAMH External Consultant. Toronto, Canada. 11Doctoral Student, Associate Professor, University of Toronto, Director Transformative Global Health Office. Toronto, Canada

Texto Contexto Enferm 24(Esp): 106-116

 

 

 

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Morera, Jaime Alonso Caravaca; Parada, Aydee Rivera de; Ogowewo, Bridgt; Gough, Howard; Alava, Maria Magaly Scott; Zeferino, Maria Terezinha; Jules, Mia; Mitchell, Rashalee; Sarmiento, Rolando Salazar; Barbosa-Branco, Anadergh; Khenti, Akwatu. The role of family relations, spirituality and entertainment in moderating peer influence and drug use among students of eight universities from five countries in Latin America and three from the Caribbean. Texto Contexto Enferm, 2015, 24(Esp). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2015/24s106.php> Consultado el

 

Abstract

This study is a multi-centric investigation on the role of family relations, spirituality and entertainment in moderating the relationship between peer influence and drug use (licit and illicit) among students from eight universities from five countries in Latin-America and three from the Caribbean. The sample was composed by 2198 university students from faculties of Social Sciences and Humanities/Health Sciences. Drug use was the dependent variable and the level of peer influence (number of friends who use drugs) was the independent variable. The results showed that problematic family relationship, high number of party-based entertainment and high number of friends on drugs use (peer influence) increased the odds of youths using illicit drugs. The only interaction statistically significant for licit and illicit drug use was party-based entertainment and friends on drugs. The use of licit drugs presented large variability among universities in the sample, potentially influenced by cultural/religious aspects.
Key-words: Drug abuse/ University/ Family/ Cultural factors/ Peer group.
 

Resumen
El papel de las relaciones familiares, espiritualidad y diversión como moderadores entre la influencia de pares y el uso de drogas entre estudiantes de ocho universidades de cinco países de America Latina y tres del Caribe

Estudio multicéntrico que analiza el papel de las relaciones familiares, la espiritualidad y la diversión-fiestas como moderadores de la relación entre la influencia de pares y el uso de drogas entre estudiantes de ocho universidades de cinco países de America Latina y tres del Caribe. La muestra fue composta de 2198 estudiantes de Facultades de Ciencias Sociales y de Ciencias de la Salud. El Uso de drogas fue la variable dependiente y la influencia de pares (número de alumnos usando drogas) la independiente. Los resultados indicaron que las relaciones familiares problemáticas, participar de muchas fiestas y tener muchos amigos utilizando drogas aumentó la oportunidad de los estudiantes de la muestra a utilizaren drogas ilícitas. La única interacción estadísticamente significante para el uso de drogas lícitas e ilícitas fue la diversión/fiestas/amigos usando drogas. El uso de drogas lícitas presenta grande variabilidad entre las universidades de la muestra, potencialmente influenciada por aspectos culturales/religiosos.
Palabras clave: Consumo de drogas/ Universidad/ Familia/ Factores culturales/ Grupo paritario.
 

Resumo
O papel das relações familiares, espiritualidade e diversão como moderadores entre a influência de pares e o uso de drogas entre estudantes de oito universidades de cinco paises da América Latina e três do Caribe

Trata-se de estudo multicêntrico, que analisa o papel das relações familiares, espiritualidade e entretenimento-festas como moderadores da relação entre a influência dos pares e o uso de drogas entre estudantes de oito universidades de cinco países da América Latina e três do Caribe. A amostra foi composta por 2198 estudantes de Faculdades de Ciências Sociais e de Ciências da Saúde. Uso de drogas foi a variável dependente e influência dos pares (número de amigos usando drogas), a independente. Os resultados mostraram que relações familiares problemáticas, participar de muitas festas e ter muitos amigos usando drogas aumentou a chance dos estudantes universitários da amostra usarem drogas ilícitas. A única interação estatisticamente significante para o uso de drogas lícitas ou ilícitas foi o entretenimento-festas/amigos usando drogas. O uso de drogas lícitas apresentou grande variabilidade entre as universidades da amostra, potencialmente influenciada por aspectos culturais/religiosos.
Palavras chave: Abuso de drogas/ Universidade/ Família/ Fatores culturais/ Grupo de pares.
 

References

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