Texto & Contexto. ISSN:0104-0707 2015 v24esp r24s063






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Psychological maltreatment and its relationship with substance abuse among university students in Kingston, Jamaica

Samantha Longman-Mills,1 Winston De La Haye,2 Hayley A Hamilton,3 Bruna Brands,4 Maria da Gloria Wright,5 Francisco Cumsille,6 Robert Mann,7 Akwatu Khenti8
Ph.D. Associate Professor, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies. Mona Campus. Kingston, Jamaica. 2Master en Public Health, University of the West Indies, Mona Campus. Kingston, Jamaica. 3Ph.D. Investigator CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 4Ph.D. Senior Scientist. Office of Research and Surveillance, Drug Strategy and Controlled Substances Programme, Health Canada and Public Health and Regulatory Policies, CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 5Ph.D. Former Coordinator Educational Development Program Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), Secretariat for Multidimensional Security. Washington, USA. 6Ph.D. Director Interamerican Drug Observatory, CICAD, Secretariat for Multidimensional Security at Organization of American States. Washington, USA. 7Ph.D. Investigator Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, CAMH, University of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. 8Doctoral Student. Director Transformative Global Health Office, CAMH. Toronto, Canada

Texto Contexto Enferm 24(Esp): 63-68




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Longman-Mills, Samantha; Haye, Winston De La; Hamilton, Hayley A; Brands, Bruna; Wright, Maria da Gloria; Cumsille, Francisco; Mann, Robert; Khenti, Akwatu. Psychological maltreatment and its relationship with substance abuse among university students in Kingston, Jamaica. Texto Contexto Enferm, 2015, 24(Esp). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2015/24s063.php> Consultado el



The high prevalence of substance abuse in Jamaica, highlights the need to understand the drivers of substance abuse. Experiencing psychological maltreatment (emotional abuse and neglect) during childhood has been suggested to be a risk factor for substance abuse. This study investigates the relationship between childhood psychological maltreatment and adult substance abuse among Jamaican university students. Three hundred and eighty two (382) university students were selected using systematic sampling techniques. They completed a Kessler Psychological Distress Scale questionnaire, as well as items selected from the Adverse Childhood Experiences and CICAD Drug Use questionnaires. 66.7% had experienced psychological maltreatment. Chi-square analyses identified a significant relationship between experiencing psychological maltreatment and substance abuse (p<0.05). This research provides evidence in support of a link between exposure to childhood psychological maltreatment and substance abuse in adulthood.
Key-words: Child abuse/ Street drugs/ Family relations/ Students/ Universities.

Maltrato psicológico y su relación con abuso de sustancias en estudiantes universitarios en Kingston, Jamaica

En Jamaica existen altas tasas de abuso de drogas, lo que remarca la necesidad de comprender los motivadores para el abuso de sustancias. El experimentar maltrato psicológico (abuso emocional y negligencia) durante la infancia ha sido sugerido como un factor de riesgo para el abuso de sustancias. Este estudio investiga la relación entre maltrato psicológico infantil y el abuso de sustancias en la adultez entre estudiantes universitarios jamaiquinos. Trescientos ochenta y dos (382) estudiantes universitarios fueron seleccionados usando una técnica de muestreo sistemático. Ellos completaron el Cuestionario Escala de Distrés Psicológico de Kessler, así como ítems seleccionado de los cuestionarios de Experiencias Adversas en la Infancia y de Uso de Drogas de CICAD. El 66.7% había experimentado maltrato psicológico. El análisis de Chi-cuadrados identificó una relación significativa entre experimentar maltrato psicológico y abuso de sustancias (p<0.05). Esta investigación provee evidencia en apoyo de una asociación entre la exposición a maltrato psicológico infantil y abuso de sustancias en la adultez.
Palabras clave: Maltrato a los niños/ Drogas ilícitas/ Relaciones familiares/ Estudiantes/ Universidades.

Maus-tratos psicológicos e sua relação com o abuso de substâncias entre estudantes universitários em Kingston, Jamaica

Altas taxas de abuso de drogas ocorrem na Jamaica, o que ressalta a necessidade de entender os motivadores do abuso de substâncias. Experiências de maus-tratos psicológicos (abuso emocional e negligência) durante a infância têm sugerido representar um fator de risco para o abuso de drogas. Este estudo investiga a relação entre maus-tratos psicológicos na infância e abuso de substâncias na vida adulta entre estudantes universitários jamaicanos. Foram selecionados 382 estudantes universitários usando técnica de amostragem sistemática. Os estudantes completaram o questionário Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, bem como itens selecionados do Adverse Childhood Experiences e do questionário sobre uso de drogas do CICAD. Dos estudantes, 66,7% vivenciaram maus-tratos psicológicos. Análise de qui-quadrado identificou uma relação significativa entre os maus-tratos psicológicos e o abuso de substâncias (p<0,005). Esta pesquisa fornece evidências que mostram a relação entre exposição a maus-tratos psicológicos na infância e abuso de substâncias na juventude.
Palavras chave: Maus-tratos infantis/ Drogas ilícitas/ Relações familiares/ Estudantes/ Universidades.


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