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Texto & Contexto. ISSN:0104-0707 2015 v24esp r24s026

 

 

 

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The association between adult drug abuse and childhood maltreatment in students attending seven universities in five countries in Latin America and one country in the Caribbean

Samantha Longman-Mills,1 Yolanda Maria González Williams,2 Marlon Osman Melendez Rodriguez,3 Monica Rosaura García Baquero,4 Juan Daniel Gómez Rojas,5 Cristina Juárez de Amaya,6 Eduardo Alfredo Martínez Diaz,7 Sobeya Jose Peñalba Corea,8 Enrique Miguel Pizzanelli Baez,9 Lucia Isabel Solórzano Tinoco10
1
Ph.D. Associate Professor, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies. Mona Campus. Kingston, Jamaica. 2Ph.D. Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of Panama. Panama City, Panama. 3M.Sc. Former Faculty, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua. León, Nicaragua. 4M.Sc. Nurse, Assistant Professor, School of Nursing, Universidad de los Llanos. Villavicencio, Colombia. 5Ph.D. Full Professor, School of Psychology, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Bogotá, Colombia. 6Doctoral Student. Dean School of Medicine, Universidad Evangélica de El Salvador. San Salvador, El Salvador. 7M.Sc. Former Assistant Professor, School of Medicine, Universidad Evangélica de El Salvador. San Salvador, El Salvador. 8M.Sc. Assistant Professor, School of Education, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua, León, Nicaragua. 9M.Sc. Assistant Professor, School of Medicine, Universdad de la República Oriental del Uruguay, Montevideo, Uruguay. 10M.Sc. Former Faculty, School of Psychology, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua, UNAN-León, León, Nicaragua

Texto Contexto Enferm 24(Esp): 26-32

 

 

 

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Longman-Mills, Samantha; Williams, Yolanda Maria González; Rodriguez, Marlon Osman Melendez; Baquero, Monica Rosaura García; Rojas, Juan Daniel Gómez; Amaya, Cristina Juárez de; Diaz, Eduardo Alfredo Martínez; Corea, Sobeya Jose Peñalba; Baez, Enrique Miguel Pizzanelli; Tinoco, Lucia Isabel Solórzano. The association between adult drug abuse and childhood maltreatment in students attending seven universities in five countries in Latin America and one country in the Caribbean. Texto Contexto Enferm, 2015, 24(Esp). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2015/24s026.php> Consultado el

 

Abstract

This study investigated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and adulthood drug abuse among university students from seven universities in five countries in Latin America and one country in the Caribbean. This multi-country study utilised a cross-sectional design to collect data on drug abuse, as well as retrospective data on maltreatment during childhood. The sample consisted of 2,283 university students, of which 82.6% reported childhood maltreatment experiences, and 33.5% increased levels of psychological distress. A significant relationship was observed between childhood maltreatment and drug abuse as an adult (p<0.05). Although the sampling technique does not permit generalisations to all university students, the current study identified exposure to childhood maltreatment as a potential precursor to adult drug abuse within the populations studied. Therefore, the effectiveness of drug demand reduction strategies at the respective universities may be enhanced by incorporating policies and interventions aimed at childhood maltreatment.
Key-words: Child abuse/ Latin America/ Substance-related disorders/ Students/ Universities.
 

Resumen
La asociacion entre el abuso de drogas y el maltrato infantil en estudiantes de siete uniersidades de cinco paises de Latin America y uno pais del Caribe

Este estudio busca identificar la relación entre el maltrato durante la infancia y el abuso de drogas entre estudiantes de siete Universidad en cinco países de Latin America y uno país del Caribe. Este es un estudio hecho en varios países utilizando un diseño de corte para colectar los datos del abuso de drogas y un levantamiento retrospectivo sobre el maltrato en la infancia. La muestra fue constituida de 2.283 estudiantes universitarios, de los cuales 82,6% informaran maltrato en la infancia, y 33,5% informaran ter niveles elevados de distress psicológicos. Los datos indicaran una relación significante (p<0.05) entre el maltrato en la infancia y el abuso de drogas en la vida adulta. A pesar de la técnica amuéstrale no permitir generalización para la población de estudiantes universitarios, el presente estudio identifico que la exposición al maltrato durante la infancia es un precursor potencial para el abuso de drogas durante la vida adulta. Por lo tanto, estrategias para reducir el consume de drogas entre las respectivas universidades poden mejorar su efectividad si incorporan políticas e intervenciones que llevan en consideración el aspecto del maltrato en la infancia.
Palabras clave: Maltrato a los niños/ Latin America/ Trastornos relacionados con substancia/ Estudiantes/ Universidades.
 

Resumo
A associacao entre o abuso de drogas e o maltrato infantil em estudantes de sete universidades de cinco paises da América Latina e um do Caribe

Este estudo busca identificar a relação entre o maltrato durante a infância e o abuso de drogas entre estudantes de sete universidades em cinco países de America Latina e um país do Caribe. Este é um estudo feito em vários países, utilizando um desenho de corte para coletar os dados de abuso de drogas e um levantamento retrospectivo sobre o maltrato na infância. A amostra foi constituída de 2.283 estudantes universitários, dos quais 82,6% informaram terem sido maltratadas na infância e 33,5% informaram ter níveis elevados de distresse psicológicos. Os dados indicaram uma relação significante (p<0.05) entre maltrato na infância e o abuso de drogas na vida adulta. Apesar da técnica amostral não permitir generalização para a população de estudantes, universitários, o presente estudo identificou que a exposição ao maltrato durante a infância e um precursor potencial para o abuso de drogas na vida adulta nesta população. Portanto, estratégias para reduzir o consumo de drogas entre as respectivas universidades podem melhorar sua efetividade se incorporarem políticas e intervenções que levam em consideração o aspecto de maltrato na infância.
Palavras chave: Maus-tratos infantis/ America Latina/ Transtornos relacionados ao uso de substâncias/ Estudantes/ Universidades.
 

References

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