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Texto & Contexto. ISSN:0104-0707 2015 v24n4 r241104

 

 

 

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Qualidade do sono em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio*

Carla Renata Silva Andrechuk,1 Maria Filomena Ceolim2
1
Doutoranda em Ciências da Saúde, do Programa de Pós-Graduação da Faculdade de Enfermagem da Unicamp. Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. 2Doutora em Enfermagem, Professora Associado, Faculdade de Enfermagem, Unicamp. Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil

Recebido: 24 de setembro de 2014
Aprovado: 17 de agosto de 2015

Texto Contexto Enferm 24(4): 1104-1111

*Artigo extraído da dissertação - Sono, sonolência diurna, e risco para apnéia obstrutiva do sono em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio, apresentada ao Programa de Pós-Graduação da Faculdade de Enfermagem da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Unicamp), 2014. Financiada pela CAPES/demanda social

 

 

 

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Andrechuk, Carla Renata Silva; Ceolim, Maria Filomena. Qualidade do sono em pacientes com infarto agudo do miocárdio. Texto Contexto Enferm, oct-dic 2015, 24(4). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2015/241104p.php> Consultado el

 

Resumo

Este estudo objetivou descrever a qualidade do sono e identificar fatores associados à mesma em pacientes hospitalizados devido a infarto agudo do miocárdio. Estudo descritivo e transversal em que participaram 113 pacientes (70,8% homens, média de idade 59,7). Utilizou-se um instrumento para caracterização sociodemográfica e clínica e o Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh. Verificou-se que 71,7% dos participantes tinham sono de má qualidade e que mais de 64% dormiam seis horas ou menos por noite. A presença de diabete melito, depressão e a ausência da prática de atividade física contribuíram para aumentar o escore final do Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh em cerca de 2,5 pontos para cada uma destas variáveis. Identificar a qualidade do sono e propor intervenções para sua melhora devem integrar as ações do enfermeiro visando à redução de prejuízos à saúde dos pacientes antes e após episódio de infarto agudo do miocárdio.
Palavras chave: Sono/ Infarto do miocárdio/ Enfermagem.

Resumen
Calidad del sueño en pacientes con infarto agudo de miocardio

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir la calidad del sueño e identificar los factores asociados en pacientes hospitalizados por infarto agudo de miocardio. Estudio descriptivo transversal con 113 pacientes (hombres=70,8%; edad media=59,7 años). Se utilizó un instrumento para caracterización sociodemográfica y clínica y el Índice de Calidad de Sueño de Pittsburgh. El 71,7% de los participantes tenía sueño de mala calidad y más del 64% dormía seis horas o menos por noche. La presencia de diabetes mellitus y depresión y la ausencia de actividad física contribuyeron a aumentar el marcador final del Índice de Calidad de Sueño de Pittsburgh en aproximadamente 2,5 puntos en cada variable. La identificación de la calidad del sueño y propuestas de intervenciones para su mejora deben integrar las acciones de enfermeros para reducir el daño a la salud de los pacientes antes y después del episodio de infarto agudo de miocardio.
Palabras clave: Suenõ/ Infarto del miocárdio/ Enfermería.

Abstract
Sleep quality in patients with acute myocardial infarction

The aim of this study was to describe sleep quality and to identify associated factors in patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with 113 patients (70.8% men, mean age 59.7 years). An instrument was used for sociodemographic and clinical characterization and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Results showed that 71.7% of participants had poor sleep quality and over 64% slept six hours or less per night. The presence of diabetes mellitus, depression, and absence of physical activity contributed to increase the final score of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in about 2.5 points for each variable. The identification of sleep quality and proposals of interventions to improve sleep quality must be included in the actions of nurses in order to reduce harm to patients' health before and after the acute myocardial infarction episode.
Key-words: Sleep/ Myocardial infarction/ Nursing.
 

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