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Association of sociodemografic factors and sleep quality in brazilian university students*

Márcio Flávio Moura de Araújo,1 Adman Câmara Soares Lima,2 Thiago Moura de Araújo,3 Vivian Saraiva Veras,4 Maria Lúcia Zanetti,5 Marta Maria Coelho Damasceno6
1
Ph.D. in Nursing. Associate Professor of the Nursing Department at the Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira (UNILAB). Ceará, Brazil. Email: marciofma@yahoo.com.br 2Master in Nursing. Professor, Faculty of Education and Culture of Ceará. Ceará, Brazil. Email: adminhacs@hotmail.com 3Ph.D. in Nursing. Associate Professor of the Nursing Department at the Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira (UNILAB). Ceará, Brazil. Email: thiagomouraenf@yahoo.com.br 4Ph.D. Student of the Post-Graduate Program of the School of Nursing of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (EERP-USP). São Paulo, Brazil. Email: vivianveras@hotmail.com 5Ph.D. in Nursing. Associate Professor of Nursing at EERP-USP. CNPq Researcher, São Paulo, Brasil. E-mail: zanetti@eerp.usp.br 6Ph.D. in Nursing. Professor of the Nursing Department and the Post-Graduate Nursing Program at the Federal University of Ceará (UFC). CNPq Researcher. Ceará, Brasil. E-mail: martadamasceno@terra.com.br

Recebido em 19 de julho de 2012
Aprovação final em 05 de dezembro de 2012

Texto Contexto Enferm 23(1): 176-184
*Article selected from the thesis - Sleep quality among university students and their interaction with the metabolic syndrome and health indicators, presented to the Post-Graduate Program in Nursing of the Federal University of Ceará in 2012. Research Funded by CNPq throughout the Universal Bidding Announcement MCT/CNPq 14/2009, Case n. 474902/2009-9

 

 

 

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Araújo, Márcio Flávio Moura de; Lima, Adman Câmara Soares; Araújo, Thiago Moura de; Veras, Vivian Saraiva; Zanetti, Maria Lúcia; Damasceno, Marta Maria Coelho. Association of sociodemografic factors and sleep quality in brazilian university students. Texto Contexto Enferm, ene-mar 2014, 23(1). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2014/23-176.php> Consultado el

 

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze relationship between sociodemographic factors and poor sleep quality in Brazilian university students. Cross-sectional study, surveyed 701 students in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. We applied a questionnairre with sociodemographic questions and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. We did not identify associations and/or statistically significant linear trends between sleep quality and sociodemographic analyzed factors. However, the analysis found that the relative risk in college aged > 31 years, in those who lived alone and with relatives (other than parents) there is greater vulnerability to poor sleep quality.
Key-words: Sleep/ Sleep disorders/ Students.
 

Resumo
Relações entre fatores sociodemográficos e qualidade do sono em universitários brasileiros

O objetivo deste artigo foi analisar a relação entre fatores sociodemográficos e a má qualidade do sono de universitários brasileiros. Estudo transversal que entrevistou 701 alunos de Fortaleza, Brasil, em 2011. Foi aplicado um formulário com questões sociodemográficas e o Índice de Qualidade do Sono de Pittsburgh. Não identificamos associações e/ou tendências lineares estatisticamente significantes entre a qualidade do sono e os fatores sociodemográficos analisados. Todavia, na análise do risco relativo constatamos que nos universitários com idade > 31 anos, naqueles que moravam sozinhos e com parentes (diferentes dos pais) há maior vulnerabilidade em relação à má qualidade do sono.
Palavras chave: Sono/ Transtornos do sono/ Estudantes.
 

Resumen
Asociación entre factores sociodemográficos y calidad del sueño en estudiantes universitarios de Brasil

El propósito de este trabajo fue identificar la asociación entre los factores sociodemográficos y de mala calidad del sueño en estudiantes universitarios brasileños. Estudio transversal entrevistó a 701 estudiantes de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil en 2011. Se aplicó un formulario con preguntas demográficas y el Índice de Calidad del Sueño de Pittsburgh. No identificamos asociaciones y/o tendencias lineales estadísticamente significativas entre la calidad del sueño y los factores sociodemográficos analizados. No identificamos asociaciones y/o tendencias lineales estadísticamente significativas entre la calidad del sueño y los factores sociodemográficos analizados. Sin embargo, el análisis encontró que el riesgo relativo de los estudiantes universitarios con edad > 31 años, los que vivían solos y familiares que no tienen mayor vulnerabilidad a mala calidad del sueño.
Palabras clave: Sueño/ Transtornos del sueño/ Estudiantes.
 

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