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Adolescent quality of life and health behaviors: a comparative study between adolescents from the south of Portugal and Spain

Marta Lima-Serrano,1 Ida Lemos,2 Cristina Nunes3
1
Ph.D. in Nursing. Assistant Professor. Department of Nursing, University of Seville. Seville, Spain. E-mail: mlima@us.es 2Ph.D. in Psychology, Assistant Professor. Research Center for Spatial and Organizational Dynamics, University of Algarve, Portugal. Faro, Algarve, Portugal. E-mail: ilemos@ualg.pt 3Ph.D. in Psychology, Associate Professor. Research Center for Spatial and Organizational Dynamics, University of Algarve, Portugal. Faro, Algarve, Portugal. E-mail: csnunes@ualg.pt

Recebido em 14 de setembro de 2012
Aprovação final em 10 de outubro de 2013

Texto Contexto Enferm 22(4): 893-900

 

 

 

Cómo citar este documento

Lima-Serrano, Marta; Lemos, Ida; Nunes, Cristina. Adolescent quality of life and health behaviors: a comparative study between adolescents from the south of Portugal and Spain. Texto Contexto Enferm, oct-dic 2013, 22(4). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/textocontexto/2013/22-893.php> Consultado el

 

Abstract

An observational, transversal study was carried out to examine cross-cultural differences in perceived quality of life and health-related behaviors on adolescents from southern Portugal and southern Spain. Sample consists in 319 adolescents. The Kidscreen-27 child self-report, a short version of Health Behavior in School-aged Children Questionnaire, and a Socio-demographic questionnaire were used. Results suggest significant differences between Portuguese and Spanish adolescents health behaviors. Portuguese adolescents experiment more legal drugs and consume more wine and beer. More Spanish adolescents smoke. No differences were found between countries on hashish use, liquor consumption, inebriation, and on the age of first sexual intercourse. Spanish adolescents perceived themselves with better quality of life. Gender differences were found on several dimensions of Quality of Life. Results are discussed with previous research on these topic and might be considered by nurses when promoting adolescent health.
Key-words: Quality of life/ Behavior/ Risk/ Adolescents/ Cross-cultural comparison.
 

Resumo
Qualidade de vida e comportamentos de saúde: um estudo comparativo entre adolescentes do sul de Portugal e da Espanha

Desenvolvemos um estudo observacional, transversal para analisar eventuais diferenças na qualidade de vida percebida e em comportamentos de saúde em 319 adolescentes do sul de Portugal e do sul de Espanha. Utilizamos o Kidscreen-27, uma versão breve do "Health Behavior in School-aged Children" e um questionário sociodemográfico. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas entre os adolescentes portugueses e espanhóis nos comportamentos de saúde. Os portugueses consomem mais vinho e cerveja e experimentam mais drogas legais, os espanhóis apresentam um maior consumo de tabaco. Não foram encontradas diferenças no consumo de haxixe, e bebidas destiladas, embriaguês e idade da primeira relação sexual. Os espanhóis reportaram maiores níveis de qualidade de vida percebida. Foram encontradas diferenças de gênero em várias das suas dimensões. Os resultados são discutidos com base nos estudos prévios nestes tópicos, e podem contribuir para a prática profissional de enfermagem na promoção da saúde na adolescência.
Palavras chave: Qualidade de vida/ Comportamento/ Risco/ Adolescentes/ Estudos transculturais.
 

Resumen
Calidad de vida y estilos de vida en adolescentes: un estudio comparativo entre el sur de España y el sur de Portugal

Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal para examinar diferencias en calidad de vida percibida y estilos de vida de adolescentes del sur de Portugal y del sur de España. A 319 adolescentes, se les administró el Kidscreen-27, una versión corta del cuestionario "Health Behavior in School-aged Children", y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Se observaron diferencias estadísticas entre adolescentes portugueses y españoles. Los portugueses experimentan más drogas legales, y consumen más vino y cerveza. Los españoles consumen más tabaco. No se encontraron diferencias entre países en el uso de hachís, bebidas destiladas, embriaguez y edad de la primera relación sexual. Los españoles se perciben con mayor calidad de vida. Se encontraron diferencias de género en varias dimensiones de la calidad de vida, principalmente entre adolescentes españoles. Se discuten los resultados con investigaciones previas sobre estos tópicos, y pueden ser considerados por las enfermeras en la promoción de salud adolescente.
Palabras clave: Calidad de vida/ Conducta/ Riesgo/ Adolescentes/ Comparación transcultural.
 

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