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Avances en Enfermería 0121-4500 33(1) 2015 331047

 

 
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Avances en Enfermería
[av.enferm. -Col-]
2015 ene-jul; 33(1): 047-054
 
Recibido: 23/08/2012
Aprobado: 15/12/2014

Anxiety and depression symptoms in family members of ICU patients

 

Maria Kourti,* Efstathia Christofilou,** George Kallergis***
*
RN, BSc, MSc, PhD. Faculty of Nursing, University of Athens, Intensive Care Unit, “Laiko” General Hospital of Athens. Athens, Greece. **RN, BSc, MSc. Head Nurse of Intensive Care Unit, “Laiko” General Hospital of Athens. Athens, Greece. ***MD, PhD. Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, University of Athens. Athens, Greece

Cómo citar este documento:
Kourti, Maria; Christofilou, Efstathia; Kallergis, George. Anxiety and depression symptoms in family members of icu patients. Avances en Enfermería. 2015 ene-jul, 33(1). En: <http://www.index-f.com/rae/331/r331047.php> Consultado el


Abstract

Objective: This study investigated symptoms of anxiety and depression in relatives of patients admitted in the Intensive Care Unit and determined whether these symptoms were associated to the seriousness of the patients’ condition. Metodology: A total of 102 patients’ relatives were surveyed during the study. They were given a self-report questionnaire in order to assess demographic data, anxiety and depression symptoms. The symptoms of anxiety and depression were evaluated with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (hads). Patient’s condition was evaluated with a.p.a.ch.e ii Score. Results: More than 60% of patients’ relatives presented severe symptoms of anxiety and depression. No relation was found between symptoms of anxiety and depression of the relatives of patients and patients’ condition of health. On the contrary, these feelings used to exist regardless of the seriousness of patient’s condition. Conclusions: The assessment of these patients is recommended in order serious problems of anxiety and depression to be prevented.
Key-words: Anxiety/ Depressive Disorder/ Intensive Care Units/ Visitors to Patients.

Resumen
Síntomas de ansiedad y depresión en familiares de pacientes en la UCI

Objetivo: El presente estudio se propuso investigar los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión en familiares de pacientes que fueron admitidos en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos y se determinó si estos síntomas se asociaron con la gravedad de la condición del paciente. Metodología: Durante este estudio se encuestó un total de 102 familiares de pacientes, a quienes se les solicitó diligenciar un cuestionario auto-administrado para estimar aspectos sociodemográficos y síntomas de ansiedad y depresión. Los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión fueron evaluados con la Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (hads). La condición del paciente fue evaluada con el a.p.a.ch.e ii Score. Resultados: Más del 60% de los familiares encuestados presentaron síntomas severos de ansiedad y depresión. No se encontró relación entre los síntomas de ansiedad y depresión de los familiares de los pacientes y el estado de salud de éstos. Por el contrario, aquellas sensaciones solían darse con independencia de la gravedad de la condición del paciente. Conclusiones: Se recomienda la evaluación de estos pacientes para evitar problemas serios de ansiedad y depresión.
Palabras clave: Ansiedad/ Trastorno Depresivo/ Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos/ Visitas a Pacientes.

Resumo
Sintomas de ansiedade e depressão em familiares de pacientes na UCI

Objetivo: O presente estudo pesquisou os sintomas de ansiedade e depressão em familiares de pacientes que foram admitidos na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva e se determinou se esses sintomas se associaram com a gravidade da condição do paciente. Metodologia: Durante este estudo se inquiriu um total de 102 familiares de pacientes, a quem se solicitou diligenciar um questionário auto- administrado, para estimar aspectos sociodemográficos e sintomas de ansiedade e depressão. Os dados sobre sintomas de ansiedade e depressão foram processados usando a Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (hads). A condição do paciente foi avaliada com o a.p.a.ch.e ii Score. Resultados: Mais de 60% dos familiares questionados apresentaram sintomas severos de ansiedade e depressão. Não se encontrou relação entre os sintomas de ansiedade e depressão dos familiares dos pacientes e o estado de saúde deles. Pelo contrário, essas sensações com frequência se apresentavam com independência da gravidade da condição do paciente. Conclusões: Recomenda-se a avaliação destes pacientes para evitar problemas sérios de ansiedade e depressão.
Palavras chave: Ansiedade/ Transtorno Depressivo/ Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/ Visitas a Pacientes.
 

Bibliografía

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