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PRESENCIA 2014; n19: p9440r

 

 

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Vulnerabilidad del paciente depresivo y trastorno por abuso de alcohol: Revisión de la literatura

David Ruiz Porras,1 Lourdes Ruiz Porras,2 Verónica Cruz Repiso3
1Diplomado en Enfermería, Especialista en Salud Mental, Especialista en Geriatría, Máster en Investigación en Salud Mental. HWWzorg (La Haya), Países Bajos. 2Diplomada en Enfermería. Residencia TILODISA SCA. Cuevas de San Marcos (Málaga), España. 3Licenciada en Psicología, en preparación examen PIR

Manuscrito recibido el 19.12.2013
Manuscrito aceptado el 8.2.2014

Presencia 2014 ene-jun; 10(19)

 

 

 

Cómo citar este documento

Ruiz Porras, David; Ruiz Porras, Lourdes; Cruz Repiso, Verónica. Vulnerabilidad del paciente depresivo y trastorno por abuso de alcohol: Revisión de la literatura. Rev Presencia 2014 ene-jun, 10(19). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/presencia/n19/p9440.php> Consultado el

 

Resumen

El conocimiento actual sobre la vulnerabilidad de la exposición a tóxicos y las enfermedades mentales es considerado un tema de interés. Centrándonos concretamente en la comorbilidad del abuso de alcohol y predisposición a depresión.
Objetivo: Valorar el conocimiento actual sobre la relación existente entre el trastorno por consumo de alcohol y la depresión.
Metodología: Revisión bibliográfica de los conocimientos sobre el tema en humanos en un periodo de cinco años.
Resultados: Tras la revisión detallada, hemos observado una relación positiva entre el consumo de alcohol y la depresión, siendo los síntomas depresivos un factor de riesgo en la recaída del alcoholismo.
Conclusiones: Con los datos actuales se observa dicha coexistencia, con la que podemos pensar en la existencia de vulnerabilidad a padecer alguno de estos trastornos si previamente existe el otro, pero aun no queda totalmente esclarecida dicha relación de causalidad.
Palabras clave: Alcoholismo/ Depresión/ Toxicología/ Vulnerabilidad salud/ Comorbilidad.

 

 

Abstract (Depressive patient's vulnerability and alcohol disorder: Review of the literature)

Current knowledge about vulnerability of exposure to toxic and mental disease is considered a topic of interest. Specifically we focus on comorbidity of alcohol abuse and the predisposition to depression as well as its relation to the inverse.
Objective: To value current knowledge about relation between the alcohol abuse disorder and the depression, well as the vulnerability to suffer comorbidity.
Methods: Literature review of knowledge on the subject in humans in a period of the last five years.
Results: After detailed review, we have observed a positive relation between alcohol consumption with depression, besides; depressive symptoms are a risk factor in alcohol relapse.
Conclusions: With current data shows this coexistence, we can think of the existence of vulnerability to developing one of these disorders if previously there is the other, but still not completely clarified the causal between both disorders.
Key-words: Alcoholism/ Depression/ Toxicology/ Health Vulnerability/ Comorbidity.

 

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