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Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad: suceso traumático en infancia y/o adolescencia como factor predisponente. Revisión bibliográfica

David Sancho Cantus, Javier Saraiba Nieto
Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad Católica de Valencia San Vicente Mártir. Valencia, España

Manuscrito recibido el 11.7.2016
Manuscrito aceptado el 13.9.2016

Rev Presencia 2016 ene-jun; 12(23)

 

 

 

Cómo citar este documento

Sancho Cantus, David; Saraiba Nieto, Javier. Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad: suceso traumático en infancia y/o adolescencia como factor predisponente. Revisión bibliográfica. Rev Presencia 2016 ene-jun, 12(23). Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/p2e/n23/p11143.php> Consultado el

 

Resumen

Objetivo: Revisión de la literatura y bibliografía de sucesos traumáticos en la infancia y/o adolescencia en sujetos con trastorno límite de la personalidad. Metodología: Estudio bibliográfico de los trabajos recuperados mediante revisión bibliográfica de acuerdo con las recomendaciones de la Cochrane Collaboration. Resultados: Se recuperaron 3.284 artículos tras la consulta directa  y acceso, vía Internet a la literatura en las principales bases de datos bibliográficas y en la búsqueda libre. Se seleccionaron 15 artículos que cumplen con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión establecidos. Conclusiones: Se confirma el factor predisponente del suceso traumático acontecido en la infancia y/o adolescencia en sujetos con trastorno límite de la personalidad, destacando además la importancia de la influencia genética, hereditaria y ambiental. Dada la poca investigación al respecto, se hace necesario un mayor número de estudios longitudinales que permitan observar la dirección de la relación entre el suceso traumático y los trastornos de personalidad.
Palabras clave: Trastorno límite de personalidad/ Abuso/ Violencia/ Infancia.

 

 

Abstract (Borderline personality disorder: traumatic event in childhood and / or adolescence as a predisposing factor. Literature review)

Objective: Review of literature and literature of traumatic events in childhood and / or adolescence in subjects with borderline personality disorder. Methods: bibliographic study of retrieved by literature review in accordance with the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration. Results: A total of 3,284 items were recovered after direct consultation and access via the Internet to scientific literature gathered in the main bibliographic databases and free search. 15 items that meet the criteria established inclusion and exclusion were selected. Conclusions: predisposing factor of the traumatic event happened in childhood and / or adolescence in subjects with borderline personality disorder, while stressing the importance of genetic, hereditary and environmental influence is confirmed. However, and to the little research about it, a greater number of longitudinal studies to observe the direction of the relationship between the traumatic event and personality disorders is necessary.
Key-words: Borderline personality disorder/ Trauma/ Childhood/ Abuse.

 

Bibliografía

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