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Enfermera Docente ISSN1131-2335 2014; 102: 10258

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ARTÍCULO DE REVISIÓN

 

 Sumario

 

 

Fibromialgia en la infancia y la adolescencia: una revisión de la literatura

Manuel Martínez Rabadán,* Luisa María Pina Díaz,* Francisca Guillén Pérez,** Marta Bernal Barquero,** Silvia García Díaz,*** María Josefa García Díaz,** Carmen Rosario Illán Noguera,**** María del Camino Álvarez Martínez*****
*Enfermera Hospital General Universitario Reina Sofía. Córdoba. **Enfermera Hospital General Universitario Virgen de la Arrixaca. Murcia. ***Graduada en Enfermería Hospital Santa María del Rosell. Murcia. ****Graduada en Enfermería Hospital General Morales Meseguer. Murcia. *****Becaria investigadora Universidad de Murcia

Enferm Docente 2014 ene-dic; 102: 58-64

 

 

 

Cómo citar este documento

Martínez Rabadán, Manuel; Pina Díaz, Luisa María; Guillén Pérez, Francisca; Bernal Barquero, Marta; García Díaz, Silvia; García Díaz, María Josefa; Illán Noguera, Carmen Rosario; Álvarez Martínez, María del Camino. Fibromialgia en la infancia y la adolescencia: una revisión de la literatura. Enferm Docente 2014, ene-dic; 102. Disponible en <http://www.index-f.com/edocente/102/10258.php> Consultado el

 

 

 

Resumen

La fibromialgia es una enfermedad reumática de etiología desconocida que afecta fundamentalmente a mujeres adultas. No obstante, no es infrecuente encontrar casos en población infantil y adolescente. El estudio de la fibromialgia juvenil tiene una corta historia, siendo escaso el interés que se ha prestado a este síndrome en menores.
Se ha realizado una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos electrónicas IME, Dialnet, Cuiden, Academic Search Premier y Medline, en el periodo 1997-2012.
Los resultados indican que todavía estamos en una fase inicial del conocimiento relativo a la fibromialgia juvenil. Se ha intentado relacionar su etiología con una historia de abuso físico o sexual, considerándose un síndrome psicosomático, donde los aspectos psicológicos y emocionales tienen un papel destacado.
Este síndrome, provoca un pobre funcionamiento social y alta tasa de absentismo escolar. Siendo necesario abordar su tratamiento desde una perspectiva multidisciplinar, con una combinación de terapia farmacológica y psicológica.
Palabras clave: Adolescente/ Dolor crónico/ Fibromialgia/ Síndrome/ Terapéutica.
 

Abstract

Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic disease of unknown etiology that primarily affects adult women. However, it is not uncommon to find cases in children and adolescents. The study of juvenile fibromyalgia has a short history, but the interest that has been paid to this syndrome in children is little.
There has been a literature search of electronic databases IME, Dialnet, Cuiden, Academic Search Premier and Medline, in the period 1997-2012.
The results indicate that we are still in an early stage of knowledge concerning juvenile fibromyalgia. It has attempted to relate the etiology with a history of physical or sexual abuse, considering it as a psychosomatic syndrome, where psychological and emotional aspects are prominent.
This syndrome causes a poor social functioning and high truancy rates. Being necessary to address their treatment from a multidisciplinary perspective, with a combination of pharmacological and psychological therapy.
Key-words: Adolescent/ Chronic pain/ Fibromyalgia/ Syndrome/ Therapeutics.
 

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